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Top 10 Ways to Prevent Colds and Flu

10 tips from top pediatricians


While wintertime is a time of sledding and snow forts and holiday cheer, it also unfortunately heralds cold and flu season. Here, pediatrician-moms Dr. Naline Lai and Dr. Julie Kardos give you ways to prevent these winter maladies.

  1. Wash Hands!
  2. toddler washing his hands

    Wash off potential cold and flu germs before eating, wash after playing, wash after blowing your nose or sneezing and after throwing out a used tissue. There’s a rule for everything, including the optimal time of hand washing. Scrub hands in warm soapy water for 20 seconds, the time it takes to sing the Happy Birthday song twice, to wash off cold and flu germs.

  3. Get the Flu Vaccine
  4. Little Girl Getting a Flu Shot

    An ounce of prevention (either a small injection in the arm or a small squirt in the nose) is worth more than a pound of cure. Medicine to treat flu shortens duration of symptoms for only approximately one day, and every year some previously healthy but unimmunized children and adults die of flu virus. Unfortunately we have no vaccines against common cold viruses, but fortunately most colds cause inconvenience rather than morbidity.

  5. Avoid Sharing Cups
  6. two kids drinking milk

    Try to do this even within your own family. Inevitably your preschooler will drink out of your 12-year-old’s cup the hour before your 12-year-old starts to complain about a sore throat. When serving food to your children and their friends, avoid a community bowl. Don’t put all the popcorn into one bowl for sharing. Instead, make individual bowls of popcorn. This decreases the chances of germs spreading.

  7. Keep Your Distance
  8. two kids playing in a nursery room

    You don’t need to go overboard, but adding garlic to your foods not only adds another layer of deliciousness, it also boosts your milk supply. Garlic has been used by nursing mothers for centuries to help boost their milk. A modern bonus for moms who don’t like garlic: garlic pills are commercially available and are said to have no aftertaste.

  9. Cover Your Cough
  10. a little girl covering her mouth

    Teach your children to do the same. Cough (and sneeze) into the crook of your arm, not your hands, if you do not have a tissue available.

  11. Avoid Crowded Places
  12. a busy subway

    Especially avoid areas that have lots of opportunities for touching and sharing of saliva and mucus, such as ball pits, bouncy places, and indoor playgrounds. If you must go to these places, make sure you and your children wash hands afterward.

  13. Exercise
  14. Silhouette of Mother and Baby Daughter Running and Dancing at Sunset

    Exercise boosts the immune system. Play outside. Playing in the cold winter air does not cause colds. Only germs cause colds.

  15. Avoid Communal Towels
  16. paper towels in bathroom

    Use paper towels, if available, rather than communal towels in any bathroom that you visit.

  17. Eat and Sleep Well
  18. Fresh vegetables in clear glasses and white dip

    Make sure you and your children get enough sleep and eat nutritious food to ensure a healthier immune system.

  19. Skip the Supplements
  20. prepared to take my nutritional supplements

    Unfortunately, the ability of “immune boosters” and nutritional supplements, such as high dose Vitamin C, zinc, Echinacea, etc, to prevent cold and flu symptoms has not been studied in children. Even in adults, the evidence that they reduce colds and flu symptoms is weak. We recommend that you spend this money instead on extra soap, portable hand sanitizers, and tissues.

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