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Gum Disease and Gingivitis During Pregnancy


Gingivitis (gum Disease) is inflammation of the gums most commonly caused by a build up of dental plaque. Most people will have gum disease to some extent during their life. Expectant moms are especially vulnerable to gingivitis because the increase in blood volume combined with pregnancy hormones means gums can swell and bleed more easily. There has been some research suggesting that gum disease in pregnancy can lead to premature birth, but there isn't much evidence to support this theory. It's more likely that some moms with gingivitis deliver their babies early because of a poor diet, perhaps as a result of a reduced appetite, which has been linked by some researchers with gum disease.

What are the symptoms of Gingivitis?

Swollen gums; bleeding gums, especially after brushing or flossing.

What are the treatments and remedies of Gingivitis?

You need to pay just as much attention to your teeth and gums – if not more so – during pregnancy than at other times. Plaque itself can make your gums more prone to bleeding, so you need to keep it at bay. Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day and floss regularly. Using an electric toothbrush is more effective than using a manual type, and it can also help to reduce swelling. You may find that brushing makes your gums bleed, but this will happen until the inflammation goes down, so don't worry too much about it.

You may need regular visits to the hygienist if you have gingivitis. Talk to your dentist about other strategies for dealing with gingivitis: they might be able to suggest a mouthwash that's appropriate for you to use in pregnancy, or come up with other tips

This guide

This article is not meant to substitute medical advice provided by a practicing medical professional - if you have any concerns, contact your physician immediately.

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